Hazard Mitigation means any action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of human life and property form natural disasters. (FEMA publication 44CFR, Chapter 1,subpartM, SOURCE: 55fr35529, August 30, 1990).
All types of hazards, categorized as natural, technological, or human, are considered in this planning process. Mitigation projects are developed in response to the perceived risk of such hazards occurring based on historical occurrence and analysis.
Provides grants to States and local governments to implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after a major disaster declaration. The purpose of the Hazard Mitigation Plan is to reduce the loss of life and property due to natural disasters and to enable mitigation measures to be implemented during the immediate recovery from a disaster.